As we know Anorexia is an eating disorder causing people to obsess about weight and what they eat. Anorexia athletica is a similar type of eating disorder that’s associated with athletes.People that participate in sports or physical activities that are commonly associated with thinness or being a specific weight are more likely to develop the disorder.
People with this type of disorder take a limited number of calories despite a high level of physical activity. This eating behavior leads to a very lean body type and low weight.
According to the National Eating Disorder Association (NEDA) report, people with anorexia athletica have lost at least five percent of their healthy body weight due to calorie restriction and excessive exercise. Athletes may be more prone to muscle and bone injuries and also experience other complications, such as nutritional deficiencies, anemia absent menstrual periods etc.
Symptoms of Anorexia Athletica
Limiting calorie intake:
Similar to those with anorexia nervosa, people with anorexia athletica take low calorie in order to lose weight or maintain the low weight. This may affects the body in different ways:
low energy levels, fatigue, dizziness or irritability
Issues in concentration or focus
Needs a long recovery time between workouts, practices, or competitions
More frequent injuries
People with this type of disorder engage in a high level of physical activity. This excess physical activity can cause stress on the body and increase the risk of injury.
How Anorexia Athletica affects the performance
It’s common for anorexics to believe that they’re overweight when they’re actually very thin. Someone with anorexia athletica may have a perfectionist and competitive attitude in maintaining what’s perceived as peak physical conditions. When they choose their activity while taking limited calories and increasing physical activity, they may not realise that their behaviors are unhealthy.
Women with the disorder may experience irregular periods. This happens due to the low body mass associated with anorexia athletica.