What is Trapezius Muscle?
The trapezius muscle is a large muscle bundle that extends from the back of your head and neck to your shoulder. It is composed of three parts:
The trapezius commonly referred to as the traps, are responsible for pulling your shoulders up, as in shrugging, and pulling your shoulders back during scapular retraction.
The trapezius muscle acts as both a posture stabilizer and a movement muscle.
The superficial muscles of the back (trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboids, levator scapula, serratus anterior) contribute to extension and side flexion of the axial skeleton.
The cervical extensor muscles (descending trapezius and cervical erector spinae) counterbalance the pull of gravity on the head. Since the head tends to be pulled into flexion due to its anterior center of gravity.
Reason for tightness in the Trapezius muscle?
Many things can make traps tight. Weak muscles become strained faster than strong ones. If your back is on the weaker side and you work in a career that has you slouched over a computer or sitting for extended periods of time, then your upper back could be tight and tense.
If you have suffered trauma from an accident, you could become tight as a result of the healing process. High stress also can have a tendency to make the upper back tight.
Can any tightness or strain be a reason for dizziness?
Like other muscles, traps can be tight or weak. Weak traps just need to be strengthened. Tight traps are overworked and will most likely have knots in them. Those knots can be relaxed by massage or self-myofascial release.
When the neck component of our balance system which consists of the inner ear, the eyes and the upper neck joints fails, this can cause neck pain and dizziness.
Tight traps can cause headaches and even dizziness because the upper trapezius is attached to the base of the skull. Stress at the attachment site can cause a muscular strain to manifest differently.
All of the input communications must properly sync and agree for you to maintain normal balance. As well as for you to remain in control of your positioning, both physically and mentally. In other words, when these three systems don’t jive, even if it’s just one weak link with information coming in that doesn’t agree with the other two, dizziness can occur.
In addition, the facet joints in this area of the cervical spine can refer to pain in the head. This is why headaches can also be a common accompanying feature of neck pain and dizziness.
How to treat the tightness?
Shrugs can be used for more kinds of training. You also can use them to help with conditioning and toning the upper back. They also are beneficial in correcting posture because they recruit the rhomboids and can help pull forward-slumping shoulders back.
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